Make Up Companies That Test On Animals

make up companies that test on animals

  • (company) an institution created to conduct business; "he only invests in large well-established companies"; "he started the company in his garage"

  • Associate with; keep company with

  • (company) be a companion to somebody

  • Accompany (someone)

  • (company) small military unit; usually two or three platoons

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  • constitute: form or compose; "This money is my only income"; "The stone wall was the backdrop for the performance"; "These constitute my entire belonging"; "The children made up the chorus"; "This sum represents my entire income for a year"; "These few men comprise his entire army"

  • Cosmetics such as lipstick or powder applied to the face, used to enhance or alter the appearance

  • makeup: an event that is substituted for a previously cancelled event; "he missed the test and had to take a makeup"; "the two teams played a makeup one week later"

  • constitution: the way in which someone or something is composed

  • The composition or constitution of something

  • The combination of qualities that form a person's temperament

    test on
  • (Test Only) The Test Only station type has the ability to test and certify all vehicles, though it cannot perform any repairs.

  • Animals are a major group of mostly multicellular, eukaryotic organisms of the kingdom Animalia or Metazoa. Their body plan eventually becomes fixed as they develop, although some undergo a process of metamorphosis later on in their life.

  • A living organism that feeds on organic matter, typically having specialized sense organs and nervous system and able to respond rapidly to stimuli

  • animal(a): marked by the appetites and passions of the body; "animal instincts"; "carnal knowledge"; "fleshly desire"; "a sensual delight in eating"; "music is the only sensual pleasure without vice"

  • A mammal, as opposed to a bird, reptile, fish, or insect

  • Any such living organism other than a human being

  • (animal) a living organism characterized by voluntary movement

2006 Every Breath

2006 Every Breath

Raz played by Darren Saul, Lina played by Katie Reynolds, Sonny played by Ben Simpson and Anita played by Katie Donnison

‘Every Breath’ written by Judith Johnson, directed by Nigel Townsend and designed by Ben Dickens.

Photograph © Robert Workman

Actors make the fur fly
A new educational play on animal testing has backing from all sides of the debate
James Randerson, science correspondent
Tuesday March 14, 2006

"I heard a protestor say he'd rather kill a researcher than an animal," said a girl in a neat school uniform. "Animal testing is murder. It's just wrong," said a second. "Can't they breed people to be tested on?" suggested another, before descending into a fit of giggles.

This is a snapshot of the rowdy and combative discussion that followed the premiere of a play on animal testing last Monday at Waverley School in Peckham Rye, south London. Every Breath, by Judith Johnson, explores vivisection through the characters in a dysfunctional family. The play, which will be watched by 15,000 schoolchildren across the country and theatregoers at the Edinburgh festival, is aimed at taking the animal rights debate out of the hands of the extremists.

"The extremism is what gets picked up on all the time," says Dr Sophie Petit-Zeman at the Association of Medical Research Charities, which part-funded the project. She says Johnson, who has written for the TV series Grange Hill, was keen to avoid the issue of violence altogether.

The play was guided from the start by a panel representing all sides of the debate, including scientists, animal rights campaigners and a philosopher. All, including the Medical Research Council, which also funded the project, were happy with the final script. "It doesn't reach any conclusions, but it does set out the arguments in quite a detailed way," says Petit-Zeman.

In the play, a university is building a new facility for animal research. Sonny is an 18-year-old vegetarian campaigning peacefully to stop the lab being built. His older sister, Anita, is a hard-headed scientist. As the plot develops, we learn that she is about to embark on a PhD involving rat experiments in the lab Sonny wants closed.

It was a brave decision to eschew the dramatic possibilities that the more extreme end of the animal rights movement would have provided. But that choice stopped post-show discussions veering away from the core question: is it right to put the lives of our family and friends above those of animals?

Sander Van Kasteren, who was on the steering panel, is a PhD student who uses rats in research into techniques for diagnosing multiple sclerosis. "As soon as you engage the animal rights movement in dialogue, you start getting death threats," he says, "By focusing on the mainstream, it allows a real discussion to develop."
The animal rights campaigners on the panel are also pleased with the decision not to focus on violence. "That's not the important issue," says Alistair Currie, of the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection. "It's a very small minority of people who behave that way."

The play's sibling feud is set alongside a love story between a single mum, Lina, and her unsuitable boyfriend, Raz. He provides the comic relief that stops the play feeling like a lesson. Lina and Raz's first bungled kiss had the 14-year-olds in hysterics and his choice of T-shirt when Lina first brings him home - "Too much sex makes your eyes go fuzzy" - had them rolling in the aisles. "Without those light-hearted bits, the whole play could get quite bogged down," says Darren Saul, who plays Raz.

But it is Anita and Sonny who allow students to connect with the big ideas. "The issues are discussed through the relationships between the characters, so you are learning without realising it," says Katie Donnison, who plays Anita. "To get the kids responding to something emotionally is not a bad thing at all."

Sonny nearly dies from an asthma attack. He has stopped taking his medication because it was tested on animals, but comes to realise he is worth more to the cause alive than dead.

It is Sonny who naturally commands most sympathy. He is passionate and likeable, while his sister comes across as arrogant and cold. Her research is not focused directly on any cure, so her rats die purely in a quest for knowledge. On the face of it, the script doesn't favour the experimentation case.

To my surprise though, it was Anita's arguments that won the kids over in the 40-minute discussion that followed the play. The proportion in favour of animal testing rose from around 30% to 50%.

"You sympathise with him, but he has to have the medication," says Paula Ledger, head of humanities at the all-girls comprehensive. "The girls are thinking, 'if it was my brother, what would I do, what would I want?' I think that's what swayed them really."

They've Stolen Your Pets!

They've Stolen Your Pets!

It’s a nice summer day and your dogs are playing out in the yard as they often do. You keep them fenced in so that they don’t escape and wreak havoc on the neighbor’s flower beds, but trust that they’ll behave while you make a quick trip to the store to pick up something for dinner. When you come back fifteen minutes later, the dogs are gone and no one has seen them – not even the neighbors.

Meanwhile, across the street, another member of your community has just let their cat outside to patrol its turf. It’s a fat, amiable cat, who never spends any more than a few hours outdoors if he can help it. But as it grows dark, the familiar meows of “Let me in!” never come, and days pass without a sign of the fat, amiable cat.

It’s a story which has haunted American pet-owners for years: Their animals disappear without a trace. Even with microchip technology, the frantic posting of “Lost pet” posters, and repeated Craigslist ads, they are never heard from again. It’s as if they’ve been abducted. And in fact, this might well be the case…

You see, in the United States, there is a high demand for domestic animals for use in laboratory and medical science testing. Universities, chemical companies, and veterinary hospitals often perform studies on domestic cats and dogs on account of their trusting nature, which makes them easier to handle in a lab environment. They are also chosen because they are easier and less expensive to take care of than non-human primates, and live longer than lab rats.
But where do these domestic animals come from?

According to the United States Department of Agriculture, it is legal for licensed dealers to obtain domestic animals for study from shelters, breeders, and private owners. Many of these licensed dealers are also allowed to breed their own stock. But obtaining enough animals for large-scale testing institutes is often very difficult. As a result, some dealers have resorted to stealing domestic animals from various neighborhoods to feed the demand for a steady supply of test subjects.

In response to this, the United States Department of Agriculture passed the Animal Welfare Act, which states that licensed dealers must allow for a ten-day grace period when adopting from shelters so that decent pet owners have ample time to either adopt or re-claim a lost pet before it is taken to a laboratory. They are also not allowed to obtain pets from private homes unless an owner willingly hands the animal over, and must follow strict regulations when it comes to proper transport and confinement of captive pets.

Despite this, there are still numerous reports of licensed and non-licensed dealers stealing animals from homes and yards across the United States. They’ll also ‘adopt’ pets from “Free to good home ads” on Craigslist and local newspapers. Many will also visit shelters or breeders and purchase unwanted animals by the kennel-load, then sell them to ether licensed dealers, or directly to the laboratories that want them.

These pets are often carted away in trucks or vans without food or water for the duration of the trip. When they arrive at the laboratories, they are kept in a kennel for days or weeks with little to no socialization until they are needed for testing, experimentation, or dissection. Ultimately, they are killed, either by the resting itself or via euthanization once their purpose has been served.

Medical universities claim that they use dogs and cats to train students without having to use a human subject, yet other alternatives exist, including computer simulation programs which are often less expensive and more in-depth than an actual dissection or medical testing procedure. Likewise, cats and dogs make poor analogues to a human subject on account of the biological differences between our organs and theirs.

Even so, higher learning establishments including the University of Michigan, the University of Minnesota, and the University of Florida continue to purchase live and frozen domestic pet specimens for ‘educational’ use from licensed dealers. From 2005 to 2007, Purdue University even purchased 335 dogs for testing from a source which was known for multiple and repeated violations of the Animal Welfare Act.

Nevertheless, there seems to be no end in sight to the horrific act of domestic animal trafficking. A shelter will sell a cadaver for as little as $2.00 or $3.00 to a dealer, who will then sell it to a university or lab for as much as $95.00. One dealer in Illinois sold an estimated 600 animals, resulting in $210,148 in gross sales. Obviously, there is much money to be made in the sale of companion animals as test subjects, and, as a result, an entire illegal underground trade has formed.

The best thing you can do to help is simply spread the word about domestic pet trafficking. Copy and paste this text, share it with friends and family, and let the world know that you’re educated about where domestic animal test subjects really come from.

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